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As an aggregator, the Jtest Plugin form Maven must be executed only once during the build. We recommend configuring the jtest goal execution directly from command line or as a reporting plugin.

You do not need to build a project before running analysis, but we recommend compiling multi-module projects beforehand. Doing so enables Jtest to use artifacts from the local repository, reducing the amount of time necessary to test and analyze code.

Before you run analysis or collect coverage information with Maven, ensure that the Jtest license is properly configured (see Setting the License).

Running Static Analysis

To perform static analysis on your code:

  1. Ensure that the Jtest Plugin for Maven is set up (see Configuring the Jtest Plugin for Maven).
  2. Execute the jtest:jtest goal. Your command line may resemble the following:

    mvn jtest:jtest
  3. Review the analysis results (see Reviewing Results).

If Jtest reports compilation problems related to importing dependencies in the Maven test scope, try running the jtest:jtest goal with the mvn test command:

mvn test jtest:jtest

(info) By default, test sources are excluded from analysis. To analyze test code, disable the excludeTestSources option; see Jtest Goals Reference for Maven.

Executing Unit Tests

You can include unit test results in the Jtest report by running your tests with the jtest:jtest goal and the dedicated Unit Tests built-in test configuration:

  1. Ensure that the Jtest Plugin for Maven is set up (see Configuring the Jtest Plugin for Maven).
  2. Execute the jtest:jtest goal with Maven. Your command line may resemble the following:

    mvn clean test jtest:jtest -Djtest.config="builtin://Unit Tests"

Collecting Coverage for Unit Tests

You can collect coverage information during execution of unit tests with the jtest:jtest and jtest:agent goals, and the dedicated Unit Tests built-in test configuration:

  1. Ensure that the Jtest Plugin for Maven is set up (see Configuring the Jtest Plugin for Maven).
  2. Execute the jtest:agent and jtest:jtest goals with Maven. Ensure that the tests and classes are compiled before the jtest:agent goal is run.  Your command line may resemble the following:

    mvn clean test-compile jtest:agent test jtest:jtest -Djtest.config="builtin://Unit Tests"

(info) Executing the jtest:agent goal before the classes are compiled, may result in empty coverage. If your build uses Tycho plugins, or any other plugins that are detached from the default lifecycle, invoke the dedicated (non-default) compiler to ensure that the classes are properly compiled and coverage information is collected. Your command line may resemble the following:

mvn clean tycho-compiler:compile jtest:agent verify jtest:jtest -Djtest.config="builtin://Unit Tests"

About the jtest:agent Goal

The jtest:agent goal generates the Jtest agent settings based on the build modules, and sets the javaagent VM agument in the properties specified with the agentPropertyNames parameter in the initialize phase.

By default, it tries to inject javaagent VmArg into maven-surefire-plugin and eclipse-test-plugin through specific properties.

Prerequisites for using the jtest:agent goal with the Maven test plugins:

  • tests must be executed in the forked process (for example, with the parameters forkCount or forkMode)
  • additional VmArgs must contain Jtest javaagent VmArgs (the argLine parameter)

The jtest:agent goal attempts to automatically configure the Maven test plugins (maven-surefire-plugin and tycho-surefire-plugin) by setting up the properties of their VmArgs parameters (by default through the argLine and tycho.testArgLine properties). You can customize the default values of these parameters if one of the following ways:

  • Through the default property. The jtest:agent goal will extend the properties with the Jtest javaagent VmArg :

    <project>
      <!-- ... -->
      <properties>
        <!-- argLine property which will be extended by jtest:agent goal --->
        <argLine>-Xmx=1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m</argLine>
      </properties>
      <!-- ... -->
      <build>
        <plugins><!-- or pluginManagement -->
          <plugin>
            <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
    		<configuration>
              <forkCount>1</forkCount>
              <!-- do not configure argLine parameter here -->
            </configuration>
          </plugin>
        </plugin>
      </build>
    </project>
  • Through a parameter value with an injected custom property:

    <project>
      <!-- ... -->
      <build>
        <plugins>
          <plugin>
            <groupId>com.parasoft.jtest</groupId>
            <artifactId>jtest-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.15</version>
    		<configuration>
              <!-- jtest:agent goal will set Jtest Java agent VmArg into properties below --> 
              <agentPropertyNames>jtest.argLine</agentPropertyNames>
              <!-- optional coverage block with parameters identical as in offline coverage -->
              <coverage>
                <!-- ... -->
              </coverage> 
            </configuration>
          </plugin>
          <plugin>
            <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
            <configuration>
                <argLine>${jtest.argLine} -Xmx=1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m</argLine>
            </configuration>
          </plugin>
        </plugin>
      </build>
    </project>

Collecting Application Coverage

Jtest's coverage agent allows you to collect coverage data during manual or automated tests performed on a running application. See Application Coverage for information about collecting application coverage with Jtest.

Test Impact Analysis

You can extend the capabilities of the Jtest Plugin for Maven with test impact analysis. It allows you to you to identify and re-run only the tests that are affected by your changes, eliminating the time and effort required to execute a large number of unaffected tests. To perform test impact analysis of your project, you need to:

  1. Add the test impact analysis plugin (cbt-maven-plugin) shipped with Jtest to your Maven build.
  2. Configure the plugin.
  3. Execute the affected-tests goal.

Prerequisites

  • Jtest 10.4.1 or higher
  • Apache Maven 2.2.1 or higher (versions 3.3.1 and 3.3.3 are not supported)
  • Surefire 2.19.1 or higher

In addition, the Jtest Plugin for Maven must be configured to ensure access to the Maven repository shipped with Jtest (see Initial Setup).

Licensing

Test impact analysis requires customizing your Parasoft license settings. Ensure that the 'custom_edition' license with the 'Change Based Testing' and 'Automation' features is enabled in your jtest.properties file.

(info) Test impact analysis may require additional memory. We recommend increasing the memory allocated to the Maven build.

(info) Jtest does not support test impact analysis for Maven parallel builds.

(info) Jtest does not support excluding tests when the runModifiedTests option is set to true (see Optional Parameters).

Integrating with the Test Impact Analysis Plugin

You can integrate with the test impact analysis plugin by adding cbt-maven-plugin to the list of plugins in the POM file:

pom.xml
<build>
    <plugins>
        <plugin>
            <groupId>com.parasoft.xtest.cbt</groupId>
            <artifactId>cbt-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.0</version>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
</build>

Configuring the Plugin

You can customize test impact analysis of your project in the POM file or in the command line by configuring cbt-maven-plugin. At minimum, you must provide the paths to the following files that are generated by Jtest during execution:

  • coverage.xml  

  • report.xml

See Jtest Goals Reference for Maven for the complete list of available options.

In the POM file

If you configure the plugin in the POM file, you can add the cbt-maven-plugin properties to:

  • plugin declaration

    pom.xml
    <plugin>
        <groupId>com.parasoft.xtest.cbt</groupId>
        <artifactId>cbt-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.0</version>
        <configuration>
            <coverageFile>target/jtest/coverage.xml</coverageFile>
            <testFile>target/jtest/report.xml</testFile>
            <runFailingTests>false</runFailingTests>
            <runModifiedTests>true</runModifiedTests>
            <jtestHome>${jtest.home}</jtestHome>
            <settingsFiles>jtestcli.properties</settingsFiles>
        </configuration>
    </plugin>
  • plugin execution

    pom.xml
    <plugin>
        <groupId>com.parasoft.xtest.cbt</groupId>
        <artifactId>cbt-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.0</version>
        <executions>
            <execution>
                <goals>
                    <goal>affected-tests</goal>
                </goals>
                <configuration>
                    <coverageFile>target/jtest/coverage.xml</coverageFile>
                    <testFile>target/jtest/report.xml</testFile>
                    <runFailingTests>false</runFailingTests>
                    <runModifiedTests>true</runModifiedTests>
                    <jtestHome>${jtest.home}</jtestHome>
                    <settingsFiles>jtestcli.properties</settingsFiles>
                </configuration>
            </execution>
        </executions>
    </plugin>
  • Maven properties

    pom.xml
    <properties>
        <parasoft.coverage.file>target/jtest/coverage.xml</parasoft.coverage.file>
        <parasoft.test.file>target/jtest/report.xml</parasoft.test.file>
        <parasoft.runFailingTests>false</parasoft.runFailingTests>
        <parasoft.runModifiedTests>true</parasoft.runModifiedTests>
        <jtest.home>${env.JTEST_HOME}</jtest.home>
        <jtest.settings>jtestcli.properties</jtest.settings>
    </properties>

In the Command Line

If you customize test impact analysis in the command line, pass the cbt-maven-plugin properties with the -D switch. The properties must include the "parasoft" or "jtest" prefix (see Jtest Goals Reference for Maven for details). Your command line may resemble the following:

Comand Line
mvn cbt:affected-tests test -Dparasoft.coverage.file=target/jtest/coverage.xml -Dparasoft.test.file=target/jtest/report.xml -Dparasoft.runFailingTests=false -Dparasoft.runModifiedTests=true -Djtest.home=$JTEST_HOME -Djtest.settings=jtestcli.properties

Configuring and Executing the affected-tests Goal

You can configure execution of the affected-tests goal from the command line or by configuring the goal in the POM file.

In the Command Line

When cbt-maven-plugin is included in the Maven build file (see Integrating with the Test Impact Analysis Plugin), you can execute the cbt:affected-tests goal from the command line. Ensure it is executed before the test goal:

Command Line
mvn cbt:affected-tests test

In the POM file

You can configure execution of the affected-tests goal in the build plugins or in the the build plugins of the profile.

  • If you include the affected-tests goal in the build plugins:

    pom.xml
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>com.parasoft.xtest.cbt</groupId>
                <artifactId>cbt-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>1.0.0</version>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>affected-tests</goal>
                        </goals>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

    it will be automatically executed with the Maven test goal:

    Command Line
    mvn test
  • If you include the affected-tests goal in the build plugins of the profile:

    pom.xml
    <profile>
        <id>cbt</id>
        <build>
            <plugins>
                <plugin>
                    <groupId>com.parasoft.xtest.cbt</groupId>
                    <artifactId>cbt-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>1.0.0</version>
                    <executions>
                        <execution>
                            <goals>
                                <goal>affected-tests</goal>
                            </goals>
                        </execution>
                    </executions>
                </plugin>
            </plugins>
        </build>
    </profile>

    you must execute the Maven test goal using the profile:

    Command Line
    mvn test -P cbt


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