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You can monitor stubs execution to check against certain expectations, such as the number of calls to a given stub or stubs call sequence. Expectations should be defined inside the test cases and are verified just after the test case execution is finished. If the expectation is not met, then a suitable message is generated and output to the results. All expectations are removed at the end of test case execution after the outcome has been verified. The following table describes the available expectation types:    

ExpectationDescription
CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS(func-id, number)Defines an expectation for the number of calls to the “func-id” stub to be exactly equal to the specified number.
CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS_MORE_THAN(func-id,number)Defines an expectation for the number of calls to the “func-id” stub to be greater than the specified number
CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS_LESS_THAN(func-id,number)Defines an expectation for the number of calls to the “func-id” stub to be lower than the specified number
CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS_IN_RANGE(func-id,min,max)Defines an expectation for the number of calls to the “func-id” stub to be greater than the "min" and less than the "max"
CPPTEST_EXPECT_CALL_SEQUENCE()
[Add(func-id)|AddNTimes(func-id)]
Defines an expectation for the sequence of calls made to the stubs

 

The following section presents most typical examples of expectations definitions for stubs.

Example 1: Number of Stub Calls Expectations

The C and C++ API is the same for defining the stub call number expectations.

  1. Defining an expectation for the exact number of calls to the stub: In the following example, the "foo" stub is expected to be called exactly 3 times.
    [C/C++] CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS("foo",3);
  2. Defining an expectation for the stub call number to be greater than value: In the following example, the "foo" stub is expected to be called more than 3 times.
    [C/C++] CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS_MORE_THAN("foo",3);
  3. Defining an expectation for the stub call number to be lower than value: In the following example, the "foo" stub is expected to be called less than 3 times
    [C/C++] CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS_LESS_THAN("foo",3);
  4. Defining an expectation for the stub call number to be in range: In the following example, the "foo" stub is expected to be called more than 3 times but less than 7
    [C/C++] CPPTEST_EXPECT_NCALLS_IN_RANGE("foo",3, 7);

 Example 2: Sequence of Stub Calls Expectation

  1. Defining an expectation for the stub call sequence: In the following example, stubs should be called in the following sequence foo -> goo -> foo (3times) ->goo
    [C++] CPPTEST_EXPECT_CALL_SEQUENCE().Add("foo").Add(goo").
    AddNTimes("foo", 3).Add("goo");
    [C] CPPTEST_EXPECT_CALL_SEQUENCE()->Add("foo")->Add(goo")->
    AddNTimes("foo", 3)->Add("goo");
    The defined expectation as shown in this example is violated in the following situations:
    • Stub specified in the sequence was not called in the predicted order
    • At the end of the test case, some functions in the expected sequence were not called
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